Veliko Castle
Th old historic capital of Veliko
Veliko Castle
veliko fort

 Veliko Tarnovo is a town situated in North Bulgaria, an administrative center of the Veliko Tarnovo county. The town is situated in the valley of the river Yantra, at a distance of 241 km from the capital – Sofia, 228 km from the city of Varna, and 107 km from the town of Ruse.


The Gorna Oryahovitsa airport is situated at a distance of 10 km from Veliko Tarnovo. This is the closest airport to the town.

One can also reach Veliko Tarnovo by bus or by train. There is regular transportation from the larger towns and cities.

The town population is approximately 70 000 people, and the area on which it is situated amounts to 30.4 square meters. The location of the town as a crossroad and crossing point of multiple roads and commercial connections and routes had helped for its economical and cultural development from antiquity to the present day.

Veliko Tarnovo is one of the oldest towns in the country, as its history dates back to more than five thousand years ago, which is proven by archaeological excavations.

The upsurge of Veliko Tarnovo is related to the period of the Second Bulgarian Empire (1185 – 1393). In 1185 the town was declared a capital of the restored Bulgarian State by the brothers Asen and Petar, who declared the end of the Byzantine dominion, which continued for 167 years.

After its selection to be a capital, the town developed fast, as within the period 12th – 14th century it was the most unconquerable Bulgarian fortress, as well as a cultural and intellectual centre of Bulgaria.

The most significant monument of culture in Veliko Tarnovo is the medieval fortress Tsarevets, situated on the homonymous peak, surrounded on three sides by the river Yantra. Excavations show that although Tsarevets is surrounded by a fortified wall, it was not a closed fortress, but a real medieval town, in the center of which the following objects were rising: the palace, the church “St. Petka”, multiple residential and economic buildings, water reservoirs and battle towers. The Patriarch’s residence was on the highest part of Tsarevets, and the Patriarch’s church “The Ascension of Christ” was also in close proximity.

There is also another historical hill near Tsarevets - Trapezitsa. Its historical richness is great and has not been completely discovered yet. The archaeological excavations on the hill continue and new interesting finds constantly appear on the surface.

Besides its historical hills, Veliko Tarnovo is also famous for its multiple orthodox temples. One of the most emblematic medieval churches is the temple “St. Forty Holy Martyrs”, constructed in honour of the triumph of Tsar Ivan Asen II (1218 – 1241) over the Epir Despot Teodor Komnin (1180 –1273). The Bulgarian tsars Kaloyan (1168 – 1207), Ivan Asen II were buried here, as well as many other members of the royal families and the Bulgarian aristocracy. The orthodox temple stores some of the most valuable old Bulgarian epigraph monuments – the Omurtag column, the Asen column and the Border column of the Rodosto fortress from the time of Khan Krum (755 –814).

Some of the most popular Bulgarian monasteries – Patriarsheski, Preobrazhenski, Arbanashki, Plakovski, Kapinovski, Kilifarevski, etc., are situated in the vicinity of the town.

During the Age of Revival (18th – 19th century) Veliko Tarnovo was an attractive place for the Bulgarian intellectuals. The town was also a center of the First Revolutionary Region during the April Uprising of 1876 against the Ottoman dominion.

After the Liberation of Bulgaria from Ottoman dominion in 1878 Veliko Tarnovo was the temporary capital of the country. In 1879 the First Constituent Assembly was called, on which the so called Tarnovo Constitution was adopted. Here was the First Grand National Assembly was also established. It elected Prince Alexander I of Batenberg (1857 – 1893) for Bulgarian ruler.

In architectural terms, the appearance of the old part of the town takes the visitors into the past. Walking along Gurko street or Samovodskata Charshia (the crafts streets), the town guests have the possibility to see houses built over 200 years ago, as well as to sense a completely different atmosphere. The market street is a kind of an ethnographic complex with crafts workshops, souvenir shops and galleries.

The larger portion of the local museums, are situated in the old part of the town. Some of the most interesting of them include; the Archaeological Museum, the Museum of Revival and Constituent Assembly, Museum of Contemporary and Most Contemporary History, the Sarafkina House, the Museum House of P. R. Slaveykov, the Stambolov Inn, the Inn of Hadzhi Nikoli, etc.

The archaeological reservation Nikopolis Ad Istrum – a Roman and Early Byzantine town, founded by the emperor Trayan (98 – 117) in 106 AD is situated at a distance of 20 km from Veliko Tarnovo.

The architectural reservation Arbanasi is situated at a distance of only 6 km from Veliko Tarnovo. The ancient village had preserved magnificent architectural monuments of the Age of the Bulgarian Revival, old churches and beautiful yards filled with flowers and greenery.

22 March is the official day of Veliko Tarnovo. This date is related to the historical triumph of Tsar Ivan Asen II over the Teodor Komnin (1230). Traditionally, the evening of the festival day is assigned for a free performance on the Tsarevets hill. The audio-visual performance “Sound and Light” speaks of the glorious and tragic history of Bulgaria via music, lights, lasers and church bells, which makes it a unique attraction for the country. Performances are also organized during the rest of the year upon a preliminary request.

It is not accidental that Veliko Tarnovo was declared a Balkan capital of cultural tourism, and a few times it was awarded the prize The Most Beautiful Town in Bulgaria, as a result of annual research conducted by the media. The town really is magnificent with its beautiful houses, perching amphitheatrically along the river banks; it has a rich history of landmarks that are attractive for the guests.

The options for accommodation in the town are exceptionally diverse – private accommodation, hostels, guest houses and hotels up to 4 stars. The town offers rich possibilities for entertainment and night life – discotheques, bars, restaurants, etc. The main street of the town offers a large variety of shops, hotels, entertainment and catering establishments. The restaurants in the town are famous for their delicious cuisine. Here you can taste popular Bulgarian dishes and ones that are typical for the region.

There are multiple eco paths for the fans of active relaxation – the Negovanska path (in the village of Emen), Preobrazhenska path, Arbanashka path, etc. The eco paths are marked walking routes in the nature, by means of which the tourists get access to beautiful local and natural landmarks. The region offers options for rock climbing, mountain cycling, horse back riding, and the multiple rivers and dams provide options for fishing and swimming.

You can receive more information about hotels, restaurants, landmarks, transportation, various attractions and current events, cars for rent, and the current state of the eco paths in the tourist information center in the town, which is situated in the central part of the town. There you can purchase information materials for the sites in Tarnovo, as well as make a request for the Sound and Light performance.

Etymology

The most widespread theory for the name's origin holds that its original names of Tarnovgrad (Търновград) and Tarnovo (Търново) come from the Old Bulgarianтръневъ (tranev) or тръновъ (tranov), meaning "thorny". The suffix "grad" means "city" in Bulgarian and in many Slavic languages. In 1965, the word велико (veliko), meaning "great", was added to the original name in honour of the city's status as an old capital of Bulgaria. This also helps distinguish it from the town of Malko Tarnovo.

Geography

Map of the town

Location

Veliko Tarnovo has an area of 30.9 km². The area which is assigned to the town is 30,379 km². It is located on the river Yantra. The city has always had a strategic position. It is located on main roads which connect West Balkans with Black sea and East Europe with Middle East. In the East and North-East the town borders with the Arbanassi Bardo. North – with the Orlovets locality, to the west with the Kozludzha locality and to the south with the area Dalga laka.

Relief

The relief of the Municipality of Veliko Tarnovo is diverse – plain-hilly and mountainous.It is situated at 208 m above sea level.

Hydrography

20140623 between Arbanasi and Veliko Tarnovo 15.jpg

The water catchment area of the river Yantra is 7862 km². There are several springs in the area of the town. The main drinking source is the Yovkovtsi hydro power plant.

Soils

They predominate chernozem and gray forest soils at the south part. Repellents are also distributed – hummus-carbonate soils.

Area

There are places around the city that keep their names for many years. Sini Vir is located to the west of the Cholakovci neighborhood in the Yantra River valley outside the city. Dervent is located in the Yantra River Gorge, near the Preobrazhenie Monastery. The Hill Golemyat duvar(Big Fort) with the highest peak 363 m. It is located between Veliko Tarnovo and the villagePrisovo.

Hills

Veliko Tarnovo is situated on several hills. The TsarevetsTrapezitsaMomina krepost were the main centers of kings and boyars during the Second Bulgarian State, when the town was capital. Mount Athos was a spiritual and literary center, and part of it today is the Rectorate of Veliko Tarnovo University. The Garga Bair hill lies north of Trapezitsa. On the Orlovets hill are the Varusha neighborhood and the Akatsion and Kartala districts, the highest point is 241 m above sea level. The Troshana Hill is located south of Mount Athos and west of the Motela dam, and Veliko Tarnovo Hills is being built on it.

Climate

Veliko Tarnovo has a humid continental climate (Dfa), according to the Köppen climate classification, experiencing warm summers and cold, snowy winters. The average minimum temperature in the coldest month, January, is about−7 °C (19 °F), while the average maximum in August, the hottest month 30 °C (86 °F). The highest recorded temperature was 41.1 °C (106 °F), while the lowest was −28.1 °C (−19 °F).

hideClimate data for Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria (1961–1990, records 1926–1970)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)20.4
(68.7)
23.3
(73.9)
29.7
(85.5)
32.2
(90)
36.1
(97)
38.4
(101.1)
40.0
(104)
41.1
(106)
40.6
(105.1)
33.8
(92.8)
29.8
(85.6)
21.8
(71.2)
41.1
(106)
Average high °C (°F)2.1
(35.8)
5.7
(42.3)
11.4
(52.5)
18.6
(65.5)
23.4
(74.1)
27.0
(80.6)
29.6
(85.3)
29.8
(85.6)
26.0
(78.8)
19.4
(66.9)
12.4
(54.3)
5.1
(41.2)
17.8
(64)
Daily mean °C (°F)−2.3
(27.9)
0.7
(33.3)
5.5
(41.9)
12.1
(53.8)
17.2
(63)
20.7
(69.3)
22.9
(73.2)
22.4
(72.3)
18.1
(64.6)
12.4
(54.3)
6.9
(44.4)
0.9
(33.6)
11.6
(52.9)
Average low °C (°F)−6.8
(19.8)
−4.3
(24.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
5.3
(41.5)
10.0
(50)
13.5
(56.3)
15.2
(59.4)
14.5
(58.1)
10.7
(51.3)
6.1
(43)
2.4
(36.3)
−3.1
(26.4)
5.0
(41)
Record low °C (°F)−20.8
(−5.4)
−28.1
(−18.6)
−16.7
(1.9)
−2.5
(27.5)
2.0
(35.6)
5.3
(41.5)
9.8
(49.6)
9.2
(48.6)
−0.8
(30.6)
−2.6
(27.3)
−9.8
(14.4)
−18.4
(−1.1)
−28.1
(−18.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)48
(1.9)
44
(1.7)
43
(1.7)
63
(2.5)
88
(3.5)
86
(3.4)
65
(2.6)
56
(2.2)
41
(1.6)
45
(1.8)
51
(2)
50
(2)
680
(26.8)
Source: Stringmeteo.com

Flora and fauna

Trees in Veliko Tarnovo

Flora

The deciduous forests (88%) predominate in Veliko Tarnovo – beech, hornbeam, oak, cherry, poplar, lime, poplar, etc.There are woods of coniferous vegetation. They predominate fir tree, PineAbies grandisScots pineAbies pinsapo and other. Near the river, the springs and the marshlands are seen:Green algaeDiatom and others. Over 25 types of mushrooms are encountered:Boletus edulisAgaricus campestrisMacrolepiota proceraChanterelle and others.

Fauna

20140621 Veliko Tarnovo 022.jpg

The territory of the region has a rich variety of the animal world – 350 species of birds and 35 species of animals. Mammals include Hare, Fox, DeerWild boarHedgehogsEuropean ground squirrel. Birds include:Grey partridgeCrowCommon quail,PheasantWhite storkEurasian eagle-owlGoose and others. Over 180 species of insects are encountered: Cockchafer,GrasshopperFirefly and others. There are also reptiles:TurtlesSnakesLizards and others.Local fish include Wels catfish,European perchCommon carpCommon barbel.

History

Prehistory and antiquity

Veliko Tarnovo above the Yantra River
Map of medieval Tarnovo
Ruins from Tarnovgrad capital of the Second Bulgarian Empire (1185–1396)

Veliko Tarnovo is one of the oldest settlements in Bulgaria, with a history of more than five millennia. The first traces of human presence, dating from the 3rd millennium BC, were discovered on Trapezitsa Hill.

Medieval Bulgarian rule

Veliko Tarnovo in 1885

Veliko Tarnovo, originally Tarnovgrad (Търновград), grew quickly to become the strongest Bulgarian fortification and most prosperous city during the second half of theHigh and the Late Middle Ages and also most important political, economic, cultural and religious centre of the empire. In the 14th century, the city was described by Bulgarian cleric Gregory Tsamblak as "a very large city, handsome and surrounded by walls, with 12,000 to 15,000 inhabitants". the fortress of Tsarevets being primary fortress and strongest bulwark from 1185 to 1393, housing the royal and the patriarchal palaces.

In the 14th century, as the Byzantine Empire weakened, Tarnovo claimed to be the Third Rome, based on its preeminent cultural influence in Eastern Europe.

As the capital of the Second Bulgarian Empire, Tarnovo was a quasi-cosmopolitan city, with many foreign merchants and envoys. Tarnovo is known to have had ArmenianJewish and Roman Catholic ("Frankish") merchant quarters, besides a dominant Bulgarian population. The discovery of three Gothic heads of statuettes indicates there may have also been a Catholic church.

Ottoman rule

Samovodska Charshiya Street in the Old Town.
View over Veliko Tarnovo and the surrounding area in the morning
Tsarevets and Stara Planina as seen from the village of Arbanassi
Veliko Tarnovo's Cathedral of the Birth of the Theotokos, completed 1844 and reconstructed 1913

The political upsurge and spiritual development of Tarnovo were halted when the Ottoman Empire captured the city on 17 July 1393. The siege lasted for three months, with the Bulgarian Patriarch Evtimiy leading the defence.Three years later, the Ottomans conquered the entire Bulgarian Empire.

Bulgarian resistance against Ottoman rule remained centred in Tarnovo (then known asTırnova) until the end of the 17th century. Two major anti-Ottoman uprisings – in 1598 and in 1686 – started in the city. Tarnovo was consecutively a district (sanjak) capital in the Rumelia Eyalet, in the Silistria Eyalet, and finally in the Danube Vilayet.

Constituent Assembly of Bulgaria in 1879

Tarnovgrad, along with the rest of present-day Bulgaria, remained under Ottoman rule until the 19th century, when national identity and culture reasserted themselves as a strengthening resistance movement. The goal of the establishment of an independent Bulgarian church and nation motivated the 1875 and 1876 uprisings in the town. On 23 April 1876, the April uprising marked the beginning of the end of the Ottoman occupation. It was soon followed by the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878).

Third Bulgarian State

Veliko Tarnovo Gourko street 002.JPG

On 7 July 1877, Russian general Joseph Vladimirovich Gourko liberated Veliko Tarnovo, ending the 480-year rule of the Ottoman Empire. In 1878, the Treaty of Berlin created a Principality of Bulgaria between the Danube and the Stara Planina range, with its seat at the old Bulgarian capital of Veliko Tarnovo.

On 17 April 1879, the first National Assembly convened in Veliko Turnovo to ratify the state's first constitution, known as the Tarnovo Constitution, resulting in the transfer of Parliament from Tarnovgrad to Sofia, which today remains the Bulgarian capital.

In deference to the city's past, Tsar Ferdinand, of the house of Saxe-Coburg Gotha, chose the Forty Holy Martyrs Church in Veliko Tarnovo as the place to declare the complete independence of Bulgaria on 5 October 1908.

In 1965, the city, then officially known as Tarnovo, was renamed Veliko Tarnovo (Great Tarnovo) to commemorate its rich history and importance.

People's Republic of Bulgaria

Samovodska charshya street

During Communist rule, the town underwent considerable changes, with some 10,000 of its population thought to have become members of the Bulgarian Communist Party (BCP) by the end of the 1940s. A number of its churches and private enterprises were closed, while the major industries were nationalized. In the early 1950s, the town underwent an intensive process of urbanization, expanding to the west. From the same period also dates the idea of creating a large urban area in Northern Bulgaria encompassing the neighboring towns of Veliko Tarnovo, Gorna Oryahovitsa, and Lyaskovets (popularly known as "Targolyas").

In 1963, the University of Veliko Tarnovo "St. Cyril and St. Methodius" opened as one of the largest institutions of higher education in the country. Urbanization continued during the 1970s, as the engineering, electronic, medical, computer, and furniture industries expanded in the region, adding the neighborhoods of Akacia and Kartala to the town's landscape.

Veliko Tarnovo today

Castle Tsarevets

Today, Veliko Tarnovo is the center of one of the largest urban areas in Bulgaria and is one of the few cities in the country with a growing population. It is a foremost educational and cultural center, and the home of two major universities and extensive artistic activity. The city is a leading tourist attraction, boasting a steady increase in visitors for the last two decades. During the same period, it has also consistently attracted foreign settlers, and today, the city and its surroundings have become the home of the largest foreign expat community in Bulgaria.

Population

Historical hill Trapezitsa

According to the 2011 census, Veliko Tarnovo had a population of 68,783 as of February 2011, while the Veliko Tarnovo Municipality, including the villages, had 88,670.[1] The number of residents of the city reached its peak in the period 1986–1991, when it exceeded 70,000.[10] The following table presents the change of the population after 1887.

Veliko Tarnovo
Year18871910193419461956196519751985199220012005200920112013
Population11,31412,46913,96316,22324,64837,33756,66469,17367,64466,89766,14567,09968,783??
Highest number 69,173 in 1985
Sources: National Statistical Institute,[1][10][11] citypopulation.de,[12] pop-stat.mashke.org,[13] Bulgarian Academy of Sciences[14]

Ethnic composition

According to the latest 2011 census data, individuals declaring their ethnic identity were distributed as follows:

  • Bulgarians: 59,649 (95.5%)
  • Turks: 2,225 (3.6%)
  • Roma (Gypsies): 123 (0.2%)
  • Others: 258 (0.4%)
  • Indefinable: 198 (0.3%)
  • Romanians: 100
    • Undeclared: 6,330 (9.2%)

Total: 68,883

Neighborhoods

Panorama of the new part of Veliko Tarnovo
Zone B complex
Cholakovtsi neighborhood
  • "Buzluđa" (Bulgarian: "Бузлуджа") – 19,500 people
  • "Kolio Ficheto" or "Triagalnika" ("Кольо Фичето"/"Триъгълника") – 17,000 people
  • "Shirok centar" ("Широк център") – 10,000 people
  • "Tsentar" ("Център") – 8000 people
  • "Zona B" ("Зона Б") – 8000 people
  • "Kartala" ("Картала") – 4800 people
  • "Akatsia" ("Акация") – 3200 people
  • "Cholakovtsi" ("Чолаковци") – 4200 people
  • "Sveta gora" ("Света гора") – 3140 people
  • "Varusha North" ("Варуша Север") – 900 people
  • "Varusha South" ("Варуша Юг") – 300 people
Veliko Tarnovo center
  • "Asenov" ("Асенов") – 800 people
  • "Zona A" ("Зона А") – 200 people (also ville zone)
  • "Slanchev dom" ("Слънчев дом") – 80 people
  • "Veliko Tarnovo hills" – (being constructed)
  • ville zone "Derven" ("Дервен") – 80 people

The ethnic composition of Veliko Tarnovo Municipality is 100,570 Bulgarians, 3,681 Turks and 595 Gypsies, among others.

Education

University of Veliko Tarnovo

Higher education

The Faculty of Fine Arts building ofVeliko Tarnovo University

Veliko Tarnovo has two universities, Veliko Tarnovo University (one of the biggest universities in Bulgaria) and Vasil Levski National Military University. The Veliko Tarnovo University currently has around 18,000 students. Vasil Levski National Military Universityis one of the oldest military universities in Bulgaria.

Secondary education

Veliko Tarnovo currently has four secondary schools: Secondary School Emiliyan Stanev (main subject: foreign languages), Secondary School Vela Blagoeva (main subject: informatics), Secondary School Georgi Sava Rakovski (main subject: sports) and Secondary School Vladimir Komarov. There are ten high schools: Vasil Drumev School of Natural Sciences and Math(biology, chemistry, math), Professor Asen Zlatarov School (foreign languages), Honorary Old School of EconomicsSt. Cyril and Methodius School of Humanities (literature, history, Bulgarian language), A.S. Popov School of Electronics(computers, electronics), Kolyo Ficheto School of Building Construction (buildings), Angel Popov School of Architecture and Surveying (architecture, surveying), Professor Vasil Beron School of Tourism (cooking, restaurant, hotel), Vocational School of Fashion Design (sewing, design), and the American college, Arcus.

The First high school in the town

Primary education

The town has five primary schools, named "St. Patriarch Euthymius" (since 1969), "Dimitar Blagoev", "Petko R. Slaveykov" and "Bacho Kiro". The schools educate students from ages 6 to 14. The subjects are Bulgarian languagemathbiologychemistry,physics, music, art, and others. The most popular sports include footballvolleyballbasketball and handball, among others. Beginning with their first class, children learn English, and after four years they can study languages such as Russian, French, German, and Italian.

Culture

Culture in the city is still developing when the city is a capital city.

Regional Library Petko Slaveykov

Architecture

Veliko Tarnovo Е7.jpg

In Veliko Tornovo you can see fragments and foundations that are part of the architecture of the Second Bulgarian State. In the old part of the city and Asenova Mahala there can be seen Churches and houses that were dated through the Ottoman rule. In the whole old part, houses from the Renaissance era were built. Characteristic of them are the ornate elements. Baroque architecture can be seen in most of the public buildings built in the early 20th century. In the central and the new part there are public buildings and residential buildings built in Baroque, Stalin Baroque style and Modernist style.

Regular Events

  • The annual celebrations of the Veliko Turnovo celebration, celebrated on 22 March
  • International Folklore Festival
  • The celebration of the declaration of the independence of Bulgaria on 22 September
  • Fest "Balkan Folk";
  • The "Stage of the Ages" Festival in August, with the openings of Tsarevets.

Media

Newspapers

The first newspaper in Tarnovo was printed during the middle of the 19th century. The first issue of the Tarnovo humorous newspaper "Draca" was published on 8 October 1884. [24] In 1900, the first newspaper devoted to theater art – "Turnovski Theatre"

  • Regional newspaper Borba
  • Regional newspaper Yantra dnes

Radios

  • Radio channel Veliko Tarnovo
  • Radio channel Favorit

Television

  • Regional television Evrokom Tsarevets
  • Regional television Videosat

Tourists

Museum Zatvor

In 2013, 450,000 tourists visited the city. The most popular landmark is the historic hill Tsarevets, which held the capital of theSecond Bulgarian Empire. A number of other sites also attract tourists, including the historic hill Trapezitza, the Samovodskata Charshiya, numerous medieval and Bulgarian Renaissance churches, and the ancient Roman fortress of Nicopolis ad Istrum.

Museums

Muzej bugarskog preporoda - panoramio.jpg

In the town are located the architectural reserves: Tsarevets, Trapezitsa and Momina krepost. The Regional historical museum in the town were established in 1871. In the town are located the House Museum of the Bulgarian writers Petko Rachov Slaveykov and House Museum of the writer Emilian Stanev. Next to the Regional Library is located the Archaeological Museum.

  • Museum "Revival and Constituent Assembly"
  • Museum "New and New History"
  • Museum Zatvor
  • Museum "Sarafkin House"
  • Museum of Wax Figures.

Samovodska charshya

Bulgaria Veliko Turnovo 02.jpg

The Samovodska charshia developed as a business center during the Bulgarian revival. They are there many craft shops, which have preserved a centuries-old tradition of craftsmanship.

Gurko Street

Gurco Street is one of the most picturesque streets in the old town.

Ulica Gurko - panoramio.jpg

Health

Stefan Cherkezov, hospital Veliko Tarnovo

Veliko Tarnovo is home to the Regional Hospital "Doctor Stefan Cherkezov," one of the largest medical facilities in North Bulgaria.

Monuments

The Monument of Asenevci
Monument Mother Bulgaria
  • Monument of Asenevci

This monument was built in 1985.

  • Monument of Mother Bulgaria

The Monument of Mother Bulgaria was built in 1930.

  • Monument of Independence
  • Monument of Vasil Levski
  • Monument of Stefan Stambolov
  • Monument of Nikola Pickolo
  • Monument of Todor Lefterov
  • Monument of Hristo Ivanov
  • Monument Velchova Zavera
  • Monument of Nikola Gabrovski and Dimitar Blagoev
  • Monument of Ivan Semerdzhiev

Transport

Veliko Tarnovo is main transport center in Bulgaria. From the town passes the main road from Romania to Middle East.

Automobile

Rail Station
Bus station

In Veliko Tarnovo are crossed two main roads: Varna-Sofia and Rousse-Stara Zagora. The most important traffic roads are South road junction (constructed in 2000) and Western road junction (constructed in 1978). The town has two bus stations.

Rail transport

Through passes the main railway Rousse-Stara Zagora. The Central rail station was built in 1900.

Bridges

Stambolov bridge
Stone bridge
Bishop's bridge

Bridges

The Stambolov bridge is an arch bridge, designed by an Italian architect.[who?] It was constructed in 1897.[17] Bishop's (Vladishki's) bridge is the oldest bridge, built around the 1800s in Asenova mahava (Old town).<ref[>https://web.archive.org/web/20171016014851/http://retrobulgaria.com/vt/jantra.html]</ref> The king's bridge (also known as Stone bridge) was constructed in 1930 in Asenova mahala, as a connection to Veliko Tarnovo-Gorna Oryahovitsa.

Economy

The town is separated to 4 Industrial zones:Central, North, South and West.

Plastic

Veliko Tarnovo is the biggest producer of plastic bags in Bulgaria.[citation needed]

Drinks

The main brewery in the city was established in 1987. Today it is called Bolyarka AD and is located in the Central industrial zone. It was a leading national brand in the 1960s and 1970s. The Pepsi soft drinks plant in the Central industrial zone produces drinks for Bulgaria and for export to the Balkans.

International relations

The Varosha quarter

Twin towns – Sister cities

Veliko Tarnovo is twinned with the following cities:

Honour

Tarnovo Ice Piedmont on Livingston Island in the South Shetland IslandsAntarctica is named after Veliko Tarnovo.

Sport

Ivailo Stadium is the biggest football stadium in the town. The stadium is the home of all the sports teams in Veliko Tarnovo which are called Etar. Ground was broken for the stadium in 1957 and it was completed in 1958. It has been rebuilt in the 21st century and now has seats for 18,000. Veliko Tarnovo has teams in footballbasketball,volleyballhandballathletics and other sports.

The Vasil Levski Palace of Culture and Sports is the biggest sports hall in Veliko Tarnovo. The hall was completed on 15 November 1985. The hall has 1600 seats and courts for basketball and volleyball.


We have properties for sale in Veliko Tarnonvo, and other cities, towns and villages in Bulgaria, including apartments, new builds, and Bulgarian village houses with scenic plots of land. All are end of village properties, starting  from 2000 sqm up to 8000 sqm all with building rights. We can provide the builders to complete the required renovations and conversions. 

Contact us for more information.